World Blood Donor Day 2022 | Significance, history & Purpose

Health World

World Blood Donor Day 2022: Transfusion of blood and blood products helps in saving millions of lives every year. Apart from saving lives, the use of blood in plasma treatments, various researches, emergency purposes, etc., are among the uses of donating blood. Blood donation has always aided the world on several occasions.

Every year on June 14th, all around the globe various organizations celebrate World Blood Donor Day. It is an event that is celebrated to raise awareness about the importance of donating blood and how much it means to the health industry. 

Today we are going to have a look into the history and significance of World Blood Donor Day.

When is World Blood Donor Day 2022?

Like every year, the World Blood Donor Day of 2022 is going to be celebrated on June 14th.

What is the history of World Blood Donor Day?

Blood donation’s history goes far back. In those days, transfusions were done using poorly understood scientific methods and research was also not that good. 

Richard Lower was the first person to examine the science of blood donation with his experiments on animals. He successfully managed to perform a blood transfusion between two dogs with no significant ill effects.

From that point, the science of blood donation started developing slowly. It broke the taboos and moved from animal experimentation. Along with the progress in transfusion technology, other things also started evolving. Karl Landsteiner discovered the ABO human blood groups and blood transfusions soon became an important part of health topics and the medical field.

After the success of World Health Day in 2000, whose main focus was on blood donation and safety of transfusions, ministers of health from all over the world during the 58th World Health Assembly made a unanimous decision and declaration in May 2005 and designated June 14th as World Blood Donor Day as an annual event. This day was chosen to mark Landsteiner’s birthday.

The first World Blood Donor Day event was organized on June 14th, 2005. It was a joint initiative of the World Health Organization (WHO), the International Federation of Red Cross, and Red Crescent Societies.

Purpose of Celebrating The World Blood Donor Day:

World Blood Donor Day is celebrated due to various reasons. These are:

  • Raising global awareness about the need for safe blood and various blood products for transfusion purpose.
  • Highlighting the contributions of voluntary and unpaid blood donors who help in building national health systems.
  • Supporting national blood transfusion services, various blood donor organizations, and other non-government organizations in expanding and strengthening their voluntary blood donor programs by organizing national and local campaigns.

In short, this day particularly aims to raise awareness of the need for regular blood donations, the importance of keeping a stable supply continue to the health industry, and last but not the least to celebrate the hard work of our esteemed medical professionals that work in the research and development field for developing new technologies and making uses for donated blood, as well as the medical teams who use donated blood on a regular basis. 

This day is also celebrated to thank the selfless donors for their service and their firm determination of saving lives and making the world a better place.

Why Blood Donation is Important?

Blood donation is extremely important in saving millions of lives. Blood and blood products are important resources for:

  • Effectively managing the women who are suffering from bleeding associated with the pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Children who are suffering from acute anemia due to malaria and malnutrition;
  • Patients with disorders related to blood and bone marrow inherited hemoglobin disorders and many immune deficiency conditions.
  • Victims of accidents, emergencies, trauma, and disasters
  • Patients who are undergoing advanced surgical and medical procedures.  

Although the need for blood is universal, access to it for all in need is not. Blood shortages are particularly seen in low-income and middle-income countries.

So in order to ensure that everyone, who is in the need of a transfusion, has easy access to safe blood, all countries need voluntary and unpaid blood donors who keep donating blood regularly. 

An effective blood donor program is crucial and needs the active participation of a large amount of population to fulfill the requirements of blood even in times of peace.

Various blood drives are organized in schools, institutions, and workplaces.

It also helps in building social ties and a united community.

What do the numbers say?

  • Every 2 seconds someone in the U.S. needs blood.
  • 10 pints is the amount of blood in an average adult.
  • 42 days is red blood cells’ shelf life. 
  • 10 to 15 mins is the time taken to donate blood.
  • 56 days is the minimum waiting period between two blood donations.
  • 1 million people are diagnosed with cancer every year. 
  • 38,000 blood donations are needed every day.
  • 38% of the American population is eligible to donate blood.
  • 2% of people in America actually donate blood.
  • 90 minutes are taken to donate platelets.

Host for the events of World Blood Donor Day 2022:

This time Mexico is going to host World Blood Donor Day 2022 via its National Blood Centre. The global event will be organized in Mexico City on 14th June 2022.

World Blood Donor Day FAQs:

Q: Where can I donate blood?

A: There are multiple options and places where you can donate blood. Search on the internet for the nearest Red Cross Organization, hospital, or health organization and schedule a date with it.

Q: What is the shelf life of the blood once donated?

A: Shelf life for red blood cells is up to 42 days; for plasma, when frozen, up to one year; and for platelets only five days.

Q: Who can donate blood?

A: According to the WHO, your age should be between 18 to 65 years. Also, your weight must be at least 45 kg to donate one unit of blood which is equal to 350 ml. Apart from this, you will be asked various questions by the doctors on the spot like the medicines you are taking, your medical history, your HB, etc.

Q: How much gap should be there between two blood donations?

A: At least 56 days.

Q: How much time is taken to donate blood?

A: 10 to 15 minutes for blood donation and 90 minutes for platelet donation.

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